Go Puja - Go Krd - Go Raksha
Worship and protection for the Cows.
updated 2nd November 2007

 Lord Kåñëa, as the teacher of human society, personally showed by His acts that the mercantile community, or the vaiçyas, should herd cows and bulls and thus give protection to the valuable animals. According to småti regulation, the cow is the mother and the bull the father of the human being. The cow is the mother because just as one sucks the breast of one’s mother, human society takes cow’s milk. Similarly, the bull is the father of human society because the father earns for the children just as the bull tills the ground to produce food grains. Human society will kill its spirit of life by killing the father and the mother. It is mentioned herein that the beautiful cows and bulls were of various checkered colors—red, black, green, yellow, ash, etc. And because of their colors and healthy smiling features, the atmosphere was enlivening. (A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Srimad Bhagavatam 3:2:29. purport.)

pitä-mätä märi’ khäo——ebä kon dharma
kon bale kara tumi e-mata vikarma

pitä-mätä—father and mother; märi’—killing; khäo—you eat; ebä—this; kon—what kind of; dharma—religion; kon bale—on what strength; kara—do; tumi—you; e-mata—such; vikarma—sinful activities.
“Since the bull and cow are your father and mother, how can you kill and eat them? What kind of religious principle is this? On what strength are you so daring that you commit such sinful activities?”
Everyone can understand that we drink the milk of cows and take the help of bulls in producing agricultural products. Therefore, since our real father gives us food grains and our mother gives us milk with which to live, the cow and bull are considered our father and mother. According to Vedic civilization, there are seven mothers, of which the cow is one. Therefore Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu challenged the Muslim Kazi, “What kind of religious principle do you follow by killing your father and mother to eat them?” In any civilized human society, no one would dare kill his father and mother for the purpose of eating them. Therefore Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu challenged the system of Muslim religion as patricide and matricide. In the Christian religion also, a principal commandment is “Thou shalt not kill.” Nevertheless, Christians violate this rule; they are very expert in killing and in opening slaughterhouses. In our Kåñëa consciousness movement, our first provision is that no one should be allowed to eat any kind of flesh. It does not matter whether it is cows’ flesh or goats’ flesh, but we especially stress the prohibition against cows’ flesh because according to çästra the cow is our mother. (A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Sri Chaitanya Charitamrta Adi-lila 17:154. text and purport).

"According to the Vedic social system, as soon as one takes birth he becomes indebted to so many persons. We are indebted to the åñis, or great sages, because we derive knowledge from their transcendental writings, such as the Çrémad-Bhägavatam, compiled by Çréla Vyäsadeva. The authors of the scripture know past, present, and future, and we are urged to take advantage of such invaluable knowledge. Thus we are indebted to the sages.
We are also indebted to the demigods, for they manage the affairs of the universe, supplying it with every essential—sunshine from the sun-god, Sürya; moonshine from the moon-god, Candra; air from Väyu; and so on. Each element is controlled by a particular demigod.
We are also indebted to ordinary living entities from whom we take service. For example, we take milk from the cow. According to Vedic understanding, the cow is considered one of our mothers because we drink her milk, just as at birth we drink our mother’s milk. The Çrémad-Bhägavatam lists seven mothers: our own mother, the wife of our teacher or spiritual master, the wife of a brähmaëa, the wife of the king, the nurse, the cow, and the earth. We are indebted to all seven of these mothers, and also to our father, brothers, friends, relatives, and forefathers."(A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Second Chance book - chapter 17 "The Moment of Truth")

"Similarly, this Bhagavad-gétä is the essence of all Vedic literature, just like milk is the essence of the blood. Blood... The milk is nothing, but it is cow’s blood transformed. Just like mother’s milk. The mother’s milk, wherefrom it comes? It comes from the blood, but transformed in such a way that it becomes nutritious to the child, tasteful to the child. Similarly, cow’s milk also, a most nutritious and valuable food. So it is compared that this Bhagavad-gétä is the milk of the cow of Vedic literature. And the milkman is Kåñëa Himself. And the drinker of the milk is..., we are, Arjuna, through Arjuna. So these things are there." (A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. 3rd June 1968. Bhagavad Gita lecture. Montreal.)

 "Personified dharma, he’s inquiring from the cow. He’s addressing cow, amba. Amba means mother. So cow is our mother. Why mother? Because from practical point of view, we drink milk. So how mother... How cow is not mother? She’s mother. We are taking her milk. There are seven mothers according to Vedic civilization:

ätma-mätä guroù patné
brähmaëé räja-patnikä
dhenur dhätré tathä påthvé
saptaitä mätaraù småtäù
Real mother, from whose womb we have come to this world, real mother, ätma-mätä. Then guroù patné, wife of the teacher or spiritual master, guroù patné. Brähmaëé, the wife of a brähmaëa. Ätma-mätä guroù patné brähmaëé räja-patnikä, and the wife of the king, or the queen. She’s also mother. Dhenu, the cow. Cow is also mother. And dhätré means nurse. Nurse is also mother. Tathä påthvé, and the earth, the earth is also our mother. That we say in country, in the country which we take birth, we say deça-mätåkä. In Sanskrit it is called deça-mätåkä. That is also mother. Mother land, mother language. So this... So many mothers we have got, out of which, cow is also mother. Therefore she’s addressed as amba. Amba means mother. Still in Gujarat province, they call amba. And in U.P., United States, er, United Province, in India, they also call amba, or in a broken language they call amma. Still... That is from very long time, mother is... Amba-devé. There is a... From Amba-devé, there is a big temple of Mother Durgä, Kälé, in Bombay. So this Amba-devé was pronounced by the Englishmens as Bamba-devé, and from Bamba-devé it has come to “Bombay.” Actually, there is a big temple of Amba in Bombay. From that name, instead of Amba, they have become Bamba. Just like from Sindhu, they have called, they have designated the inhabitants of Sindhu-deça as “Hindu.” The Muhammadans, they pronounce s as h. So from “Sindhu,” it has come to “Hindu.” Otherwise, this “Hindu” name is not mentioned in any Vedic literature. It is given by the... This name is given by the other foreigners. Especially the Arabian countries, they used to call this nation, Bhärata-varña...
Actually, Hindu is not a religion. Hindu is a name given by the foreigners. The religion is, of India, varëäçrama-dharma, following the institution of four varëas and four äçramas. That is varë... Or sanätana-dharma. Sanätana-dharma means eternal, eternal religion. Religion of human being is one. That is called sanätana. A living entity is described as sanätana. Mamaiväàço jéva-bhüto jéva-loke sanätanaù. In the Bhagavad-gétä you’ll find sanätanaù, and Kåñëa is also addressed in the Eleventh Chapter as sanätanas tvam. And there is another place, or spiritual world, which is also called sanätana. In the Bhagavad-gétä you’ll find, paras tasmät tu bhävo ’nyo ’vyakto ’vyaktät sanätanaù. So this sanätana term is very important. The living entity is sanätana and God is sanätana and the spiritual world is sanätana, and the process by which your lost relationship with God established and you go back to home back to Godhead, that is called sanätana-dharma. Sanätana-dharma. That is our eternal relationship with God." (A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. 15th January 1974. Srimad Bhagavatam lecture SB 1:16:19. Hawaii).

A simple Puja prayoga to follow for Go Puja
Hear Me and my friends at the Goshalla
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Care for Cows in Vrindavan
Vyapaka dasa interviews Kurma Rupa dasa ACBSP

Care for Cows in Vrindavana
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